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Genocide in Darfur No. 504

Adopted 2005             
Amended 2006
  
            Genocide contuse in Darfur. In the past two years in Darfur, a region of the African nation of Sudan, an estimated 180,000 people have been killed in violent attacks, and approximately two million have been forcibly displaced from their homes and villages. It is clear that these horrific events have occurred in the context of a ruthless and racial undercurrent. 
 
            Conflict began in February of 2003 as the Sudanese government commences retaliation against what it viewed as rebellious uprisings amongst some black African ethnic groups in the region. These peoples have claimed that they had previously been subject to social injustice and discrimination. In response to the uprisings, the Sudanese government has bombed many cities, claiming that it is acting to maintain order and is only targeting rebellious territories. This is not the case. Arming a racist militia, the Janjaweed, allowing it to freely attack civilians in Darfur without reprisal, the Sudanese government condones despicable acts of violence against unarmed innocent persons. Men, women, and children in Darfur have been subjected to murder, rape, kidnapping and material destitution at the hands of Janjaweed and thus at the hands of the Sudanese government. The attackers aim at “ethnic cleansing,” and the Sudanese government has refused to provide any form of protection for the targeted civilians.
           
            After many months of disregard for the plight of these victims, the international community finally began to take notice of this situation in spring of 2005, two years after conflicts began. According to The New York Times, May 28, 2005, donors in Ethiopia recently pledged three hundred million dollars to support the African Union in its efforts to monitor the current cease-fire in Darfur and to police the civil war in Sudan. The United States pledged only fifty million dollars, less than half of Canada’s pledge of one hundred and thirty million dollars. Funds pledged are less than the amount requested by the African Union. This is unacceptable. It must not be the only action taken by the United States to protect the peoples of Darfur. 
 
            WHEREAS the United States purports to be an international leader in the field of human rights and humanitarian endeavors,
 
            WHEREAS the United States claims to be a nation dedicated to the cause of justice, and
 
            WHEREAS Americans for Democratic Action has a history of opposing social injustice and the violation of fundamental human rights in Africa and throughout the world,
 
            THEREFORE Americans for Democratic Action calls for:
 
  1. The United States to fulfill its obligations as a human rights leader in the international community and in Africa. Innocent civilians must be protected.
  2. The United States to support criminal prosecution of members of the Janjaweed and Sudanese government for war crimes and crimes against humanity. Just must be done.
  3. The United States should put more pressure on China to stop its oil trade with Sudan and to let further and more meaningful sanctions, including a full trade embargo, be imposed.
  4. The United States not to condone these acts. In its interactions with the government of Sudan, the United States must take concrete steps to end Sudan’s disregard for fundamental human rights.
 
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No. 504
Foreign and Military Policy Commission
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