Against NATO Expansion, No.412
ADA opposes the expansion of NATO to include Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia. These Baltic states were former Soviet republics and a NATO military presence in this region poses a grave security threat to Russia, and to the further growth of democracy, a system of law and public safety in that country.
ADA opposed the expansion of NATO to include the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland, as new members out of our continuing concern that it would imperil our diplomatic relationship with Russia and the prospects for continuing the gradual reduction of nuclear arms. NATO expansion may result in nationalist and communist forces increasing in strength in Russia, which will have brought about the very threat that it was supposedly designed to meet.
Under the agreement, Russia has only advisory powers, and the NATO powers agree not to station nuclear weapons or large numbers of armed forces on the territory of the newly admitted members only as long as the situation as they see it doesn't require such moves. The agreement with Russia cannot forestall the use of the NATO expansion issue by the nationalist and communist opposition in Russia as a weapon against the democratic forces there, nor does it lessen the growing distrust of NATO.
There are wide disparities in estimates of U.S. military expenditures resulting from expansion, but the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office estimates that the total cost of this NATO expansion would be about $2.7 billion with the U.S. share at approximately $650 million dollars over the next ten years. A substantial part of this cost will burden the American taxpayer and the populations of the countries to be included.
While the U.S. has led the expansion of NATO, ADA notes that further changes require the approval of each member country.
At a time of huge deficits in our country, at a time when government officials say that numerous social programs will have to be cut, the expansion of NATO is a counter-productive move in every respect. ADA should seek a semi-annual government report on NATO expenditures and participate with such NGO organizations as Economists Allied for Arms Reduction, which plans a periodic cost report.
Financial and other resources should not be concentrated in NATO to the exclusion of other troubled areas of the world.
ADA urges that:
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Foreign and Military Policy Commission